More than 29 million Americans have diabetes, but one in four is unaware of it. Whether you need a physician to make a diagnosis or help you manage an existing condition, Dr. Stevanovic can help.
Call Ithaca Primary Care or schedule an appointment online to learn more about their diabetes care and counseling services.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition in which the body is unable to regulate glucose, or blood sugar, levels. The foods you eat contribute to glucose production, providing the body’s main source of energy. Blood sugar is regulated by insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas. With diabetes, your body has difficulty either producing sufficient insulin or using it effectively.
What are the different types of diabetes?
Diabetes is an umbrella term for several variations of the disease; the most common are type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes is usually hereditary and often develops in children. In type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t make insulin, and you need daily insulin injections to ensure proper blood sugar regulation.
Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity. This form of diabetes is frequently diagnosed in people middle-aged or older.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
In many cases, diabetes displays no symptoms. Symptoms of diabetes include itchy skin, dry mouth, blurred vision, frequent urination, vomiting and nausea, unexplained weight loss, increased thirst and hunger.
People with diabetes typically take longer to heal and are more susceptible to skin infections. Pain or numbness in the legs or feet may also occur. When left untreated, diabetes can cause serious health problems, such as hearing loss, heart disease, foot problems including amputation, and nerve, kidney, or eye damage. With diabetes, it is important to have regular foot exams to reduce your risks of serious health conditions.
How is diabetes diagnosed and treated?
Dr. Stevanovic uses a comprehensive physical exam, including blood tests, to diagnose diabetes. Both type 1 or type 2 diabetes require important lifestyle choices regarding diet and exercise. In some cases, a healthy lifestyle is adequate to effectively manage type 2 diabetes without the need for medication. Type 1 diabetes, however, typically requires daily insulin therapy.